Vietnam deals with rules of origin
EVFTA has strict rules of origin under which products are considered originating from a country party to the EVFTA when they are wholly obtained or wholly manufactured in the territory of that country. The products are also considered originating from a country if 40% of the products originate from that country.
The EU also has harsh technical barriers in trade. For example, to be exported to the EU, Vietnamese wood products must have a certificate of origin of wood from planted forests permitted to be used.
The Ministry of Industry and Trade has recently drafted a circular on origin of goods which has 16 articles arranged in four chapters. The circular is developed based on the current code of origin applicable to goods exported from Vietnam, including Government Decree No. 31/2018, which details the Law on Foreign Trade Management regarding the origin of goods.
Processing mangoes for export.
With this circular, products are considered Vietnamese goods if they are wholly obtained or wholly manufactured in Vietnam. These products are mostly farm and aquatic products which are wholly cultured and harvested in Vietnam.
The draft says depending on the manufacturing, subcontract production or processing of a product, an organization or a person may choose to use one of the phrases showing the origin of the product on the label, document or object which contains the information of that product. These phrases include “Product of Vietnam”, “Goods of Vietnam”, “Made in Vietnam”, “Made by Vietnam”, “Manufactured in Vietnam”, and “Manufactured by Vietnam”.
Addressing an online conference reviewing the work of the finance sector in the first half of this year, Deputy Prime Minister Vuong Dinh Hue asked the Ministry of Finance, the General Department of Customs and related ministries and sectors to tighten control over trade fraud and goods that have forged the Vietnamese origin.
The Deputy Prime Minister asked concerned agencies to strictly handle cases in which imported goods are labeled falsely as made-in-Vietnam and then exported to other countries with preferential taxes.